The Institute groups together experts in a continuum ranging from basic research to clinical research. Basic research is carried out by 21 teams at the Toulouse Cancer Research Center (CTRC). The translational research teams use molecular biology and genetics platforms and one of Europe's leading anatomical pathology services. The biological resources center groups together all the tumor samples from the cancer services of the University Hospital Center and the Institut Claudius Regaud .
The IUCT Oncopole also has an INCa-designated early-phase clinical trial center (CLIPP) and a pharmacology service that is a reference in France.